Fennel is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks.

Fennel has a sweet taste that resembles the flavour of anise and licorice, and the eaves have stronger taste than bulb. Fennel is rich source of dietary fiber, vitamins C, B9 and B6 and minerals such as potassium, manganese and phosphorus.